Published: 20 December 2013
Childhood Immunisation Statistics, quarter ending September 2013
Published: 27 September 2013
Childhood Immunisation Statistics, quarter ending June 2013
Children in Scotland are protected through immunisation against many serious infectious diseases. Vaccination programmes aim both to protect the individual and to prevent the spread of these illnesses within the population. As a public health measure, immunisations have been hugely effective in reducing the burden of disease. It is of public health concern when immunisation rates fall, as this increases the possibility of disease transmission, and hence complications arising from outbreaks of infectious diseases.
The UK Childhood Immunisation Schedule covers the recommended immunisations for children and young people (aged 0 to 18 years). The schedule comprises the recommended universal or routine immunisations which are offered to all children and young people, as well as selective immunisations which are targeted to children at higher risk from certain diseases. Further information about the current immunisation programmes in Scotland, the vaccines available, and the diseases they protect against, can be found via the NHS Health Scotland Immunisation website www.immunisationscotland.org.uk
In Scotland the target of the national immunisation programme is for 95% of children to complete courses of the following routine childhood immunisations by 24 months of age: Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio, Hib, Men C and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV). An additional target of 95% uptake of one dose of Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine by 5 years old (with a supplementary measure at 24 months) was introduced in 2006 to focus efforts to reduce the number of susceptible children entering primary school.
This section presents information on:
Childhood Immunisation Statistics
Information on childhood immunisation is recorded in the Scottish Immunisation & Recall System (SIRS), which covers all NHS Boards in Scotland. During September/October 2011 ISD conducted a consultation to review the frequency of publication of childhood immunisation uptake statistics. Following the consultation, from March 2012 a comprehensive annual report covering calendar year uptake rates will be published in March each year. This report includes uptake statistics for children aged 12 months, 24 months, 5 years and 6 years, by NHS Board, Community Health Partnership (CHP) and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. In addition, each quarter ISD will publish updated tables presenting the latest quarterly uptake rates for children at 12 months, 24 months, 5 years and 6 years, by NHS Board and CHP.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunisation Uptake Statistics
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is designed to protect against the two types of HPV that cause around 70% of the cases of cervical cancer. Girls need three doses over a period of six months to give them the best protection. The HPV vaccine does not protect against all cervical cancers, so regular cervical screening is still important.
The HPV Immunisation Programme in Scotland started on 1 September 2008. The programme aims to protect girls by routinely immunising them at around 12-13 years of age, in second year of secondary school, through a school-based programme.
A catch-up campaign for older girls ran over a three-year period from September 2008 and applied to girls who were aged 13 to under 18 on 1 September 2008.
Other Childhood Immunisation Information